Week 2 - Asychronous Work

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Group 12

Definition of Synoikismos:

A formation/foundation of a colony or a polis; the combination of several smaller communities to form a single larger community. Occurred between 230-200 BC.
Several ways to describe a synoikismos:
- Resettlement or reconstruction of a city devastated by war. e.g. Kytenion in Grecce 205BC
- Physical concentration of the population in a single city
- Purely political unification that allowed the population to continue living in a dispersed way, (this did not affect the pattern of settlement or the physical existence of the separate communities).
- Migration of citizens to the new city.

Group 2

Definition of Laos/Laus:
- The colony, localized on the hill of San Bartolo di Marcellina, along the river Lao in the bay of Scalea, was founded by survivors from Sybaris after the destruction of the city in 510 BC. Nearby was the heroon of Dracon, a companion of Odysseus. At the end of the 5th cent. BC L. was conquered by the Lucani. Here the bloody battle between the Italiot League and the Lucani took place in 389 BC.

Definition of Hippeis:
- Hippeis were specific warriors who went into battle on horseback. it was rare to see them as horses were mainly used as transportation between areas as there was limited supply of horses in most areas around Greece. They did not play a substantial role in warfare.

Definition of Phalanx:
- the term Phalanx was used profoundly in Homeric epics such as 'The Iliad'. The term was used to describe a battle-line or lined section of an army.

Group 8

Definition of metropolis
- The Greek term metropolis literally means "mother city". The metropolis would be the urban centre of culture, commerce and industry, where a group of officials took control of various functions throughout the city. For example, organising bodies of settlers and conducting rituals of divination.

Group 17.

Archontes were rulers, the general Greek term for all holders of office in a state. The word was frequently used more specifically as the title of a particular office, the highest office of the state. Archontes were found in most states of central Greece, including Athens, and in states dependent on or influenced by Athens..

Group 16.
Just testing to see if this works really !
We are defining Métoikoi, or metics. If this is the correct place to post ?
Here's my draft, only a draft and our group are still working on it but thought someone posting might start other groups off too.

//Métoikoi, or metics were foreigner immigrants/ resident aliens that were legally required to register to live in a city.

Athens at one point was said to be populated by roughly 50% Metics, with Sparta actively discouraging immigrants and other Greek polis’s having varying numbers in-between.

Aristotle is the most famous Métoikoi of antiquity.//

As I said only a draft, aware it lacks a definition between a citizen / metic, which I feel it needs. Hard to keep it non waffly , as aware we were told to be concise.
Cheers felly

Group 5

Definition of Linear A;
Linear A was a writing system devised by the Minoans and its use peaked between 1625-1450. It is distinguished from linear B which was a later script. It was used on wax tablets for trading, and also on temples, palaces and places of religious worship. Linear A was written from left to right, and consisted of simple characters with over 70 syllabic characters and 200 logograms.

Group 13
Demos means people and could mean either citizens or the common people as a whole. The popular assembly would be representative of the demos. It's also a name for the subsection of a polis.

Group 3

The interpretation of Linear B: laós(‘people’) and ágein (‘to lead’) translated as to lead people, like that of an army commander, governing figure etc.

Mycenaean word derived from linear B texts for an authority figure second in command after the King, like a Governor.
The Lawagetas was involved in state campaigns and had their own staff- they were incredibly powerful figures just behind the Wanax (King) who was given divine kingship, ie most important non god-like deity.

Group 1

- Wanax refers to the ruler of a Mycenaean palace which was involved in religious, military and economic power in the late 13th century BCE.
- Pentakosiomedimnoi were members of the upper classes in Athens which were important for taxation and dowries of heiresses. The origins this may have been from Solon who added them to existing groups which were formalised by financial grading.The minimum for this was an estate worth 500 units of agrarian produce like oil, wine and grain.

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